National Integration Day is observed every year on 19th of November all over the India. It is celebrated as the birthday anniversary of the first woman prime minister of the India Indira Gandhi. National integration day is also renowned as the Quami Ekta Divas. The office members of the different departments of the district administration get together at one place to take a pledge to ensure the common harmony in the society. Officially, the flora tribute is offered at every national integration day on the statue of late Prime Minister.
National integration is essential for any nation. In a heterogeneous country like India, it acts as a cementing factor. National unity and integration are absolutely necessary for the stability of democracy, defence of freedom and all-round development of the nation. Integration does not mean that there are no differences on any issue. This national integration makes all citizens imbued with patriotism. They first consider themselves citizens of India, and next Hindus, Muslim or others. National integration makes the nation strong and organized. It holds the people of various religions, sects, races, dress, civilization and culture together. Despite several differences, all the people remain in mutual harmony with each other. Notwithstanding differences in opinions and beliefs, all the people of a nation are full of mutual love, integration and brotherhood. National integration, thus, is a sentiment which reflects solidarity or patriotism among the people belonging to a nation. It fosters a common identity amongst the citizens of a country making them feel that they are all one.
India is a shining example of national integration. Very few countries have the kind of diversity that we have in our country. Here people of various castes and communities, whose lifestyle, cultures, languages and customs are completely different, live together. All are bound by the thread of national integration.
Disintegration breaks society whereas integration connects people on an emotional plane. While integration takes society and the country to the peak of society; mutual disharmony leads to the destruction of society. A thread, if pieced together, can bind even a stubborn and powerful animal. But if the strands of a thread remain separate, they are unable to bind even a straw. In other words, we can say 5 organized people are better than 500 disorganised persons. It is always good to be a part of an organization, irrespective of the domain. An organization is a symbol of progress. Similarly, the house where integration prevails is always full of peace and happiness. Even if a person is poor, but if all are together in his family or organization, he can never be unhappy, but where there is disintegration, i.e., no integration, that home suffers, no matter how much money, the wealth it has accumulated. Even a stronger enemy can be defeated on the strength of integration.
Prior to the discussion on national integration, there is a need for the integration in the family. Until there is integration at home, it is not possible to have integration in the society, the nation, and the world. Only integration can make the society develop. Integration is born out of the sense of organization in a society that leads to lasting peace and joy.
If we turn the pages of our own history, we see that whenever our national integration has got weakened, each time external forces have taken advantage of it and we had to live with them.
In the ancient times, Indian culture used to easily assimilate other cultures, but now this trait has diminished to a great extent. As a result, residents of a state are sometimes not able to show tolerance for the customs, traditions and languages of the people of other states. Along with narrowness of culture, there have been so many rises in disruptive forces that national unity has become a complex problem in the country.
To solve this problem, we need to remove all the obstacles in the way of national unity and integration. Following are the challenges to national integration in India –
- Political parties
- Linguistic differences
- Economic disparity
Now, it is very sad to say that even after being an independent country, the communal feelings have not gone from the mind of Indian people which is a big reason to why we celebrate the National Integration Day annually to try the single bit of efforts to finish away from the communalism from India. This is the reason why we have still counted as the developing country and not a developed country even after more than the fifty years of independence. National Integration celebration on annual basis brings an opportunity to everyone to develop the tolerance and understandings amongst the people for the other religions.